English Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech | Identify, Rules, Tips with Best Examples 2023

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What is direct and indirect speech | Direct and indirect speech examples | Direct and indirect speech examples with answers | Direct and indirect speech rules | Direct and indirect speech exercises | Direct and indirect speech PDF | Direct and indirect speech rules chart | 50 examples of direct and Indirect speech

Today’s article is a little different because this article has been written about the rule of grammar. In this article, the direct and indirect rule of English grammar is given with examples from where children can read and understand them very easily. Let’s start

#English Grammar Direct and Indirect Rule

Today we are talking about English Grammar Direct and Indirect Sentences Identify, Rules, Direct and indirect speech PDF, Tips with Examples Direct and Indirect Speech is used in any instances during written and verbal communication we need to repeat a statement or action of someone. Direct and indirect speech exercises It is used to describe what someone said in a direct indirect approach 50 examples of direct and Indirect speech.

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English Grammar Direct and Indirect Sentences

What is direct and indirect speech rules

Direct and indirect speech rules the two approaches are used depending upon the type of conversation (formal or informal). Informal communication Direct Speech is not used unless it is a quote. Indirect Speech is preferred. The study of Direct and Indirect Speech is important with Direct and indirect speech examples.

if you are a student and preparing for SSC Railway, Bank, CGL, IBPS, PO, UPSC, BPSC, NDA, CDS, Army, Police and other Government competitive exams. Direct and Indirect Speech is comparatively easy and with practice, students can score good marks in Direct & Indirect Speech. If you read this article till the end then…

What is Direct Speech?

Direct speech rules: Direct speech repeats or quotes the expressed or the words spoken. When we use direct speech, we place the words spoken between the quotation marks (“ First-person”). Direct speech is directly conveyed either in speech or in writing.

Direct speech examples:

reporting the message of the speaker in the exact words as spoken by him.

  • Maya said ‘I am busy now’.
  • He said, “I will work hard to succeed.”
  • The Commander said, “We will defeat all the enemies.”

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What is Indirect Speech?

Indirect speech rules: Indirect speech or Reported speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken into. We use reporting verbs like ‘tell’, ‘say’, ‘ask’ and we can use the word ‘that’ to introduce the reported in place of (“ ”) Direct and Indirect speech also introduces the concept of ‘Reported speech’ and ‘Reported Verb’.

Indirect speech examples:

reporting the message of the speaker in our own words.

  • Maya said that she was busy then.
  • He said that he will work hard to succeed.
  • The Commander said that they will defeat all the enemies.

How to Convert Between English Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech?

The conversion of English Grammar direct to indirect speech and vice versa are predetermined. You will never forget for the rest of your life if you understand this rules well. Here’s an easy way to remember them using direct and indirect speech sigma rules.

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Present Simple Tense do /does V1Past Simple Tense  did + V1 V2
Present Progressive Tense is/am/are + V4Past Progressive Tense was /were + V4
Present Perfect Tense has /have + V3Past Perfect Tense had + V3
Present Perfect Progressive has been /have been + V4Past Perfect Progressive had been + V4
Past Simple Tense did + V1 V2Past Perfect Tense had + V3
Past Perfect Tense had + V3Past Perfect Tense had + V3
Past Perfect Progressive had been + V4Past Perfect Progressive had been + V4
Future Simple Tense will + V1would + V1
Future Progressive Tense will be + V4would be + V4
Future Perfect Tense will have + V3would have + V3
Future Perfect Progressive will have been + V4would have been + V4

English Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech

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English Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech If the reporting verb is given in present or future tense, then there shall be no change in the tense of reported speech in direct and indirect speech rules.

Reported VerbReported Speech
SubjectFirst person (I, we) Changes according to the subject of the reported verb
ObjectSecond person (you) Changes according to the object of the reported verb
No ChangeThird person (He, she, it, they) No change

Example:

  1. He said,” I will go.“
  2. “I” will change according to the subject of the reported verb that is “he”
  3. So in place of “I“, “he” will be used for Indirect speech.

Direct and indirect speech examples with answers

Direct SpeechIndirect Speech
Maya said ‘I am busy now’.Maya said that she was busy then.
He had said to me, “We play.”He had said to me that they played.
She said, ‘I am happy’.She said (that) she was happy.
He had said to me, “We have played.”He had said to me that they had played.
We cannot live without air’.He said that we cannot live without air. 
He had said to me, “We played.”He had said to me that they had played.
He had said to me, “We were playing.”He had said to me that they had been playing.
She says/will say, ‘I am going’She says/will say she is going.

English Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech Related FAQs

How do you write a direct and indirect speech?

Usually indirect speech is introduced by the verb said, as in I said, Bill said, or they said. Using the verb say in this tense, indicates that something was said in the past.

What is an example of a indirect sentence?

Direct speech: Jerry said, “I’m going to buy a new car.” Indirect speech: Jerry said (that) he’s going to buy a new car.

Where do we use Direct Speech?

Direct Speech is used in narration, story writing, creative writing, quotes and informal communication. Sometimes it is also used in formal writing.

What are the 5 rules of direct speech?

speech is opened with quotation marks, speech marks, or inverted commas. each line of speech will start with a capital letter. a reporting clause is used at the end of the sentence. a full stop is placed at the end of the reporting clause.

What are direct and indirect sentences?

What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Direct speech :– reporting the message of the speaker in the exact words as spoken by him. Direct speech example:- Maya said ‘I am busy now’.

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