Explained: What is Share Market, Understand Stock Market Basics in 2023

The term “share market” likely refers to the stock market, where shares of publicly traded companies are bought and sold. Here are the full details about the share market:

The share market, also known as the stock market or equity market, is a financial market where participants buy and sell ownership stakes (shares or stocks) in publicly listed companies.

It provides a platform for companies to raise capital by issuing shares and for investors to buy and sell those shares, aiming to profit from price fluctuations.

What is Share Market?


Investors: Individuals, institutional investors (such as mutual funds, pension funds, and hedge funds), and even governments participate in the share market to invest in companies.
Companies: Businesses raise funds by issuing shares to the public. This initial public offering (IPO) process allows companies to become publicly traded and access additional capital.


Shares are traded on stock exchanges, which are physical or virtual platforms where buyers and sellers interact. Some of the most well-known stock exchanges include the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Nasdaq, London Stock Exchange (LSE), Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE), and many more.

How It Works:

Investors buy shares of a company, which represents ownership in that company. When a company performs well, its stock price tends to rise, allowing investors to profit. Conversely, poor company performance may lead to a decline in stock prices.

Types of Shares:

Common Shares: Holders have voting rights and may receive dividends, but their claims are subordinate to bondholders and preferred shareholders in case of company liquidation.
Preferred Shares: Typically do not have voting rights but have priority over common shareholders for dividends and liquidation proceeds.

Investment Strategies:

  • Long-Term Investing: Holding shares for an extended period to benefit from potential appreciation and dividends.
  • Day Trading: Buying and selling shares within the same trading day to profit from short-term price fluctuations.
  • Value Investing: Seeking undervalued stocks based on fundamental analysis.
  • Growth Investing: Focusing on companies with strong growth potential.
  • Dividend Investing: Emphasizing stocks that pay regular dividends.

Risk and Rewards:

  • Market Risk: Fluctuations in share prices due to market forces.
  • Company Risk: Poor financial performance or mismanagement.
  • Liquidity Risk: Difficulty selling shares at desired prices due to low trading volumes.

Market Indexes:

Market indexes, such as the S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average, track the performance of a group of representative stocks. These indexes are used to gauge market trends and overall economic health.


Stock markets are regulated by government agencies to ensure fairness, transparency, and investor protection. In the United States, for example, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) oversees securities markets.

Impact on Economy:

The share market plays a crucial role in the economy by facilitating capital formation, enabling companies to expand, innovate, and create jobs.

It’s important to note that investing in the share market involves risks, and it’s recommended to conduct thorough research or seek advice from financial professionals before making investment decisions. This overview provides a general understanding, but there’s much more to explore within the realm of share markets and investing.

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